The National Museum is located at Janpath, New Delhi. This museum was inaugurated on 15 August 1949, in the Rashtrapati Bhawan by Shri R.C. Rajagopalachari, the Governor-General of India. National Museum building was built in two phase, first phase of the National Museum building was formally inaugurated by Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the Vice President of India, on December 18, 1960 and second phase of the building was completed in 1989.

The model of the National Museum was prepared by the Maurice Gwyer Committee in May 1946. An Exhibition of Indian Art, collection of variants artefacts from various Indian museums was organised by the Royal Academy, London with the cooperation of Government of India and Britain. This Exhibition went to display in the galleries of Burlington House, London in 1947-48. After success of that exhibition Indian government was decided to display same collection in Delhi before exhibits return back to their own museums. So, in 1949, an exhibition was organised in Rashtrapati Bhawan, which was great experience to exhibition organisers and that exhibition turned into great success. That success later becomes todays National Museum.

The vision of National Museum :-
To collect art objects of Cultural, Historical and Artistic precious objects to display, protection, preservation and interpretation.

To promulgate knowledge about precious objects in respect of history, culture and artistic excellence and achievements.

To serve as cultural centre for enjoyment and interaction of the people in artistic and cultural activity.

To serve as embodiment of National identity.

To initiate advanced studies in the areas of History of Art, Conservation, and Museology has been discussed for years and the first step was taken by Government of India in 1983, when diploma and post graduate diploma courses in History of International and Modern Art and their Sources and Restoration of Oil paintings were started in National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.Later in 1985, these programme were shifted to National Museum. Later setup an National Museum Institute and registered to on January 27, 1989, which could provide own M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. This National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology, accorded the status of ‘Deemed to be University’ on April 28, 1989, based on the recommendation of UGC,the Ministry of Human Resources Development.